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Where does the elephant live and what are characteristics?

Hussien Shrief Mohammed

Where does the elephant live? One of the questions that interests people who are interested in nature, animals and plants.

Elephants may be divided into two types, namely Asian elephants and African elephants.

Where does the elephant live
the elephant

But these two species belong to the same family and kingdom, but differ in where they live, and through we will learn everything about where the elephant lives.

Where does the elephant live?

  • The sub-Saharan African continent is one of the most common places for elephants.

  • It lives in rainy forests in western and central Africa, such as the savannah. In addition, the elephant lives in the desert coasts of Mali.

  • As for the Asian continent, it may live in many different regions, especially the regions of India, Nepal and Southeast Asia.

  • Elephants that live in Africa may be called African elephants, while elephants that live in Asia may be called Asian or Indian elephants.

African elephants

It is noteworthy that African elephants are the ones that live in all regions of the African continent.

But most elephants live in the western, eastern, southern and central regions of the continent.

In addition, African elephants may be divided into two types, and each type may live in different habitats, which are as follows:

1- African forest elephant

  • The African jungle elephant may live in dense tropical rainforests and mountains, and it was discovered that it is found there in the year 2000 AD.

  • This type of elephant is distinguished by its slender, downward-sloping tusks and is smaller than the savannah elephant.

2- African savannah elephant

  • This type of elephant lives in grassy marshes, savannas, swamps, and grasslands, as well as in lakes.

  • The weight of the savannah elephant may reach 8000 km, and the length of its shoulder may reach 4 meters.

3- Asian elephants

  • Asian elephants are the largest mammals found in the continent of Asia, as they live in 13 countries extending throughout Southeast Asia in particular.

  • It is found in dry soil and pasture habitats.


Elephant physical traits.

Among the best physical characteristics of an elephant animal are the following:

1- Elephant tusks

  • The elephant is characterized by its upper tusks that are constantly growing, as the rate of growth of the tusks may reach 18 cm in a year.

  • Elephants are using their tusks in a lot of things, such as digging in the soil in order to find water, salts, roots, and digging in baobab trees and bottles in order to get their inner core.

  • Also, elephants use tusks to keep trees and branches out of their way completely, in addition to that elephants use their tusks to protect themselves from dangers.

2- Elephant proboscis.

  • It is the most important part of the elephant's body and is a trunk extending from the nose with the upper lip. The tip of the African elephant's trunk may end in an extension that may resemble fingers.

  • As for the tip of the Asian elephant's trunk, it may end in only one extension.

  • Its proboscis is very sensitive because it has 100,000 individual muscles, and it is a powerful hose through which it can tear tree branches.

3- Elephant's teeth

  •  Elephants may have different teeth from other mammals. An elephant may have 28 teeth throughout its life.

  • That is, her teeth consist of “two sections of canines, and two milk precursors, in addition to that it contains 12 premolars, i.e. 3 in the upper jaw and the lower jaw, and 12 molars 3 on each side, the upper jaw and the lower jaw.”

4- Elephant skin

  • Elephants may have thick skin that is very hard, that is, the thickness of the skin may reach 2.5 cm.

  • But in the area of ​​​​the ear and mouth, the skin of the elephant is thin.
  • The Asian elephant is characterized as having thick hair.

  • In addition, in its early life, it is characterized by a thick layer of red-brown color that turns dark and is scattered with age.

  • Feet The elephant may have wide and straight legs, as it may bear its large size, as it is very strong, as the elephant was able to stand for a long time without getting tired.
  • In addition, the African elephants do not lie down, neither disease nor injury, as for the Indian elephants, they do not lie down.

5- Elephant ears

  • Elephants may use their ears to regulate temperature, meaning that their ears contain a rich network of blood vessels and cartilage that may cover a very thin layer of skin.

  • When the temperature is high, the ears flutter to create a light breeze that cools the blood vessels.

The importance of elephants

Elephants have a very great importance, and they are as follows:
  • Elephants may help maintain biodiversity.

  • That is, when elephants eat from a place where there are trees and plants and move to another place, they transfer the seeds to this place.

  • Without this process, the facade of many trees and plants would have been difficult to sustain their lives.