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What covers the body of a turtle?

Hussien Shrief Mohammed


Turtles are among the reptiles famous for the small house they carry on their back, as their history dates back to more than two hundred and twenty million years, so they are considered one of the oldest reptiles, that is, they are older than lizards, snakes and crocodiles, which have always been a symbol of patience and wisdom in many times and eras. Turtles are cold-blooded reptiles, their body is protected by a hard shell, some are land and some are aquatic, and they do not have teeth, but they have a semi-horned beak with which they grind food.

covers the body of a turtle

Turtle food

What turtles eat depends on their species specifically, what kind of jaw they have for chewing food and where they live, and what food sources are available to them. Freshwater eat a completely different diet, it includes worms, snails, insect larvae, aquatic insects, algae and fallen fruits, while land turtles depend for their food on earthworms, larvae, snails, beetles, herbs, berries, mushrooms and flowers.

types of turtles

There are 327 species, but the most famous are eight: Kemps Ridley, Olive Ridley, Hawksbill, Loggerhead, Green Turtle, Black Turtle, and Flatback Flatback.

Turtle body cover

It is said that the tortoise's evolutionary success is largely due to its shell, which unlike other reptiles has a shell that acts as a natural protective suit. The shell consists of three parts, the upper part of which is called the shield, which consists of two layers, the inner layer is part of the skeleton and consists of bony plates fused with the ribs, and the outer layer consists of skin tissue, where this layer of skin forms in some turtles shields The hardened plastron is called a carapace, and the lower part that covers the underside of a turtle is plastron.

Important facts about turtles

cover the body of a turtle
Turtle body cover

  • These creatures date back to the time of the dinosaurs, more than 200 million years ago.
  • They have sharp vision and the ability to distinguish colors, and some types of water turtles are able to watch underwater for short distances.
  • Her sense of smell is strong, as she has sensory nerves that enable her to feel when she touches her skin or shell.
  • Most turtles can hide their heads in their shells, but some species, such as sea turtles, cannot.
  • Her shell is attached to her body, so when she grows up she does not look for a bigger shell, but rather it grows as it grows.
  • Softshell turtles do not have a shell, their shell is protected by thick skin.
  • The colors of their shells vary, and the common colors are: brown, black, and olive green, and some species have orange, red, yellow or gray markings.
  • The upper and lower parts of the cochlea have nerve endings.
  • Determining the temperature of a small turtle sex, if the temperature is less than 28 degrees Celsius, the hatch is complete from males, and if the temperature is between 28-30 degrees Celsius, the hatch is mixed, the lower layer of which is females and the upper layer males, and if the temperature is more than 30 degrees Celsius The entire hatch is female.
  • Female turtles lay from one to two hundred eggs in each laying, depending on their species.
  • Sea turtles can hold their breath for five hours.
  • In the Amazon, butterflies drink turtle tears to provide sodium for their diet.
  • Turtles have three ears, two on the sides of the head and the third on the nose.