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Information about the penguin

Hussien Shrief Mohammed


It is a type of waterfowl that is unable to fly, and this type of bird often lives in the southern hemisphere, but one type of these birds lives north of the equator and is the Galapagos penguin, where this type of bird is highly adapted to water, Its body is covered with feathers so that it consists of two dark colors, which is predominant in addition to white, and has wings as close as possible to the fins, and most of these birds feed on fish, squid and other forms of marine life that they catch under water, and the penguin spends half its life on land and the other half In the sea, and in this article we will explain more about this type of bird.

the penguin

Penguin Features

The appearance of the short-legged penguin has impressed people all over the world, as the length of the legs is about 35 cm, and it weighs approximately one kilogram, most of these birds are black and the underside of them consists of white, and the color of the iris is limited On the red or yellow in some species, and most of these birds have the color of the beak and legs in it tends to red.

The number of these species of birds, such as the emperor, is estimated in the hundreds of thousands, and the number of smaller penguin species is estimated in the millions, and these numbers represent a potential food resource, but the economic importance of these birds is minimal, as hunters in the nineteenth century visited some of the places where penguins live for meat, eggs and industry Penguin oil, and by the early 20th century this exploitation was no longer profitable.

Some species of penguins are also increasing due to the extinction of Antarctic whales in the mid-twentieth century, which compete with this type of bird for the krill or minute crustaceans that they feed on, and penguins are highly vulnerable to climate change, including global warming.

Penguin home

Although all species of penguins live in the southern hemisphere, they are not only found in cold regions such as the frozen Antarctic continent, but there are only a few species of this bird that live in the southern part of the globe, where some species live In temperate regions, however, this bird can only live by cold waters rich in cold currents, and although the Arctic and Antarctic climates are similar, there is no such bird in the Arctic.

There are large numbers of these birds in Angola, the frozen Antarctica, Argentina, Australia, Chile, Namibia, New Zealand and South Africa, and satellite images taken in 2018 show that the number of penguins of two million birds on the remote island of Ile Couchens in France has decreased to almost 200,000 birds.